The concept underlying Agrol green technology approach is to develop bio-refineries that produce either bioethanol or other high value products and electricity.
Bio-ethanol is currently produced by yeast fermentation of high cost edible sugar (C6) extracts from sugar cane and beet or maize. These raw materials contribute typically 70% to the total production costs, and are a small fraction of plant material, the rest being waste. The process itself also involves high capital and effluent costs.
As a result the cost of ethanol is uncompetitive compared to fuels and chemicals derived from petroleum. Agrol green advanced technology is based on microorganisms that live at unusually high temperatures of 50° to 75°C (thermophiles). These microorganisms rapidly ferment all edible and, notably, non-edible sugars present in biomass. Hence Agrol's process can convert agricultural and wood waste to bioethanol and biodiesel, not just the corn or rice grains, but the entire plant. This ability to use waste will reduce the production cost of ethanol by 50-70%.
Agrol green technology has strong international patent coverage both of the microorganisms used, and bioengineering required.